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Bulk Transfers

Please note that the below table lists the bulk transfers resulting from registrar accreditations terminated by ICANN. Additionally, the bulk transfer date will be after the termination date.

Terminated Registrar Gaining Registrar Termination Date
OpenTLD B.V. (IANA #1666) Gandi SAS (IANA #81) 25 November 2023
Nimzo 98, LLC (IANA #3216) NameSilo, LLC (IANA #1479) 10 August 2023
Innovadeus Pvt. Ltd. (IANA #3812) WHC Online Solutions Inc. (IANA #938) 15 July 2022
Alice's Registry, Inc. (IANA #275) pair Networks, Inc. d/b/a pair Domains (IANA #99) 8 May 2022
TOGLODO S.A. (IANA #1508) Imperial Solutions, Inc. (IANA #987) 23 February 2022
Pheenix, Inc. (IANA #888) EnCirca, Inc. (IANA #455) 4 June 2021
Net 4 India Limited (IANA #1007) PDR Ltd. d/b/a (IANA #303) 13 March 2021
World Biz Domains, LLC (IANA #1447) 007Names, Inc. (IANA #91) 22 January 2020 SARL (IANA #911) Lexsynergy Limited (IANA #1466) 5 July 2019 Ltd. (IANA #838) Secura GmbH (IANA #111) 3 July 2019
Alpnames Limited (IANA #1857) Moniker Online Services LLC (IANA #228) (.biz, .com, .info, .net, .org)
Key-Systems GmbH (IANA #269) (.pro)
Key-Systems, LLC (IANA #1345) (all other gTLDs)
15 March 2019
Tong Ji Ming Lian (Beijing) Technology Corporation Ltd. (Trename) (IANA #1523) Dynadot, LLC (IANA #472) 19 September 2018
Astutium Limited (IANA #1471) Netistrar Limited (IANA #1755) 8 August 2018
Beijing Midwest Taian Technology Services Ltd. (IANA #1635) Alibaba Cloud Computing (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (IANA #420) 21 June 2018
Fan Domains Ltd. (IANA #2280) West263 International Limited (IANA #1915) 30 March 2018
Rethem Hosting LLC (IANA #1658) PDR Ltd. d/b/a (IANA #303) 1 February 2018
Ground Internet, Inc. (IANA #936) Sibername Internet and Software Technologies Inc. (IANA #938) 22 September 2017


Q. Why were these transfers authorized by ICANN?

A. ICANN may approve bulk transfers in the following scenarios:

  • Termination of registrar agreement
  • Acquisition of registrar or its assets by another registrar

Q. How was the gaining registrar selected?

A. ICANN followed its De-Accredited Registrar Transition Procedure (see [PDF, 129 KB]) to identify a gaining registrar for the gTLD names formerly managed by the de-accredited registrar.

Q. What should customers of this de-accredited registrar do now?

A. Former customers of this registrar should receive a notice of the transfer and instructions for continued management of their names from the gaining registrar. Affected customers who do not receive notices should contact the gaining registrar by using the contact information provided at If you do not receive a response, please contact

Q. Do registrants have to pay a fee for the bulk transfer?

A. No, there is no cost to registrants for the bulk transfer. Unlike a normal inter-registrar transfer, the registration terms will not be extended by a year. Accordingly, it is important to contact the gaining registrar if your registration will expire soon in order to maintain your registration.

Q. What if affected registrants want to select a different registrar?

A. Registrants will continue to be able to transfer their registrations to other registrars under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (see Note that the gaining registrar may deny transfers for the first 60 days following the bulk transfer, at its discretion. This 60-day period is permissible under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy and is intended to help protect registrants. The registrant may need to renew names that will expire during the first 60 days following the transfer to the gaining registrar.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."