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Public Interest Commitment Dispute Resolution Procedure (PICDRP)

Please note that the English language version of all translated content and documents are the official versions and that translations in other languages are for informational purposes only.

The PICDRP addresses complaints that a Registry Operator may not be complying with the Public Interest Commitment(s) in Specification 11 of their Registry Agreement (RA).

Revised PICDRP – Effective 1 February 2020

  • PDF | Redline*
    Note: * Available in English only.

Members of the Current PICDRP Standing Panel

  • Mr. Scott R. Austin, United States, has broad expertise in intellectual property litigation, including patent, trademark and copyright infringement disputes in federal courts and before administrative tribunals such as the International Trade Commission (ITC) and Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB), as well as domain name ‭Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP)‬ proceedings, Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) content disputes, and disputes involving antitrust, Internet law and ‭ICANN‬ policy and governance. Mr. Austin has programming and media law background helpful to the technology transactions aspect of his practice, which includes Software as a Service (SaaS), technology licensing, privacy, First Amendment, publicity rights, and data security counseling‬‬.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
  • Mr. David JA Cairns, Spain, is a partner in a legal firm in Madrid specializing in international dispute resolution. He has extensive experience in trademark disputes involving domain names, including disputes pursuant to the ‭UDRP‬, the New ‭gTLD‬ Program, and in arbitrations pursuant to World Intellectual Property Organization's (‭WIPO‬'s) Expedited Arbitration Rules‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
  • Dr. Kevin P. Newmeyer, United States, is a consultant on cybersecurity, defense, and public policy issues in the Washington, D.C. area. He has extensive experience with development and implementation of cyber policy in the Americas with the Organization of American States and individual governments. He has more than 30 years of professional experience in academic, government, private sector, and international organizations.
  • Ms. Megan H. Stifel, United States, is an experienced cybersecurity and operations attorney and policy professional. She spent 8 years with the U.S. Department of Justice advising on a range of criminal and national security matters involving the Internet, as well as Internet governance.
  • Dr. Christopher To, Hong Kong, is a Chartered Information Technology Professional, a Chartered Engineer, a Chartered Arbitrator, an accredited Mediator, a Law Professor and is currently the Chairman of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators-East Asia Branch. He has over 20 years experience in handling and resolving disputes.
  • Mr. Reynaldo Urtiaga, Mexico, is a law professor, arbitrator, and counsel, with substantial experience interpreting international contracts, policies, and regulations, as well as adjudicating transnational business-to-business (B2B) disputes over goods, information technology services, and intellectual property rights, among other subjects. He has resolved over 100 ‭Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP)‬ cases as ‭a World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)‬ Panelist since 2003.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

The table below shows reports that have been referred to the PICDRP Panel.

Panel Report Date Registry Operator (RO) gTLD Panel Evaluation Results Panel Report
14 March 2017 Top Level Spectrum, Inc. .feedback RO is not compliant with Section 3c of Specification 11 of its RA Panel Report [PDF, 605 KB]
10 July 2018 National Association of Boards of Pharmacy .pharmacy RO is not compliant with Section 3c of Specification 11 of its RA Panel Report [PDF, 208 KB]

For all Contractual Compliance enforcement notices and status of non-compliance findings, please refer to


This webpage was updated in December 2019 as part of operational improvements to the PICDRP (see the ICANN org blog post). The archived PICDRP is available here.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."